First aid for allergies
First aid for allergies. The ability to provide first aid for allergies can save more than one life. After all, allergies are a serious disease that can cause a number of extremely unpleasant symptoms, including life-threatening ones. Learn to help with allergies and, if necessary, you can help yourself, loved ones, or others.
When a person experiences a severe allergy attack, he experiences anxiety and fear for his health and even life. If there is someone nearby who is able to help with allergies and knows exactly how to do it right, it calms and sometimes saves even more than any medicine.
Basic first aid steps for allergies
Help with allergies begins with identifying the symptoms. It is necessary to distinguish between mild and severe manifestations of allergic reactions. So, with a mild manifestation, it is enough to take an antihistamine and schedule a visit to an immunologist. In severe cases, emergency medical attention is required for allergies, as anaphylactic shock caused by such a reaction can be fatal.
- First of all, if an allergic reaction occurs, any contact of the patient with the allergen should be eliminated. If, for example, an allergy is caused by a medicine, cancel it; if it is caused by plant pollen, remove the patient from the center of flowering. In the case when the allergen is a food product, rinse the stomach. In other cases, gastric lavage is a useless procedure, since allergies are not poisoning.
- But it is recommended to drink plenty of water – water, tea, alkaline mineral water.
- In case of a skin allergic reaction, hormonal ointments are used, as well as lotions from green tea, infusion of peppermint or lemon balm. Never try to soothe irritated skin with alcohol or diluted vinegar. When an insect bites, discomfort can be removed by an ice pack on the bite area.
- Before the arrival of the ambulance or a visit to the doctor, you can take an antihistamine in the required dosage, and after half an hour, when the medicine begins to act, the sorbent will help remove substances from the digestive tract that could provoke an allergic reaction.
Emergency help for allergies in anaphylactic shock
A serious threat to the life and health of the patient is anaphylaxis – a severe and rapid form of an allergic reaction. Its main symptoms are itching, chills, swelling of the face, body, and mucous membranes of the mouth and nose, fever, vomiting, rash, puffiness of the face. The development of symptoms can cause respiratory failure and cessation, convulsions, lowering blood pressure, which, in turn, can lead to death. In case of any manifestations of a severe allergic reaction, emergency assistance should be called. But what to do if the patient is getting worse, and the doctors have not yet arrived? You will have to help with allergies yourself.
- As in any other case of an allergic reaction, you first need to find out what caused anaphylaxis and eliminate the allergen.
- If you cannot find the culprit, you need to isolate the patient as much as possible from all possible allergens, ventilate the room, undress the patient or change into other clothes, provide fresh air, put him to bed, and warm him with hot tea.
- If the reaction occurred after the introduction or taking of medicine or food, then induce vomiting, rinse the stomach, make an enema to the patient.
- In parallel with all these procedures, call an ambulance and wait for the doctor to arrive.
- Be prepared for the fact that anaphylaxis can cause respiratory or cardiac arrest, so the patient may need artificial respiration or chest compressions.
Help with allergies involves eliminating the possible culprits of the reaction and contacting a doctor – regardless of the severity of the allergic reaction. Remember that the reaction can also be expressed in a delayed form, in which the symptoms do not appear immediately, but over time they can develop into a severe reaction.
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